This paper reports the results of a survey of part-time farmers in two shires close to Melbourne in 1974-75. The farmers were a very diverse group in terms of off-farm employment and income; few derived substantial income from farming and the majority indicated that they farmed for non-financial reasons. Part-time farming appeared to be a stable working/ living arrangement and part-time farms were about as productive as full-time farms in the same shire. Possible tax savings associated with part-time farming are discussed. The findings raise doubts about the appropriateness of profit-maximising models for analysing part-time farmer behaviour.