000010125 001__ 10125
000010125 005__ 20180122193929.0
000010125 037__ $$a346-2016-16134
000010125 037__ $$a346-2016-16485
000010125 041__ $$aen
000010125 245__ $$aQuantifying the impact of phytosanitary standards with specific reference to MRLs on the trade flow of South African avocados to the EU
000010125 260__ $$c2007-06
000010125 269__ $$a2007-06
000010125 300__ $$a14
000010125 336__ $$aJournal Article
000010125 446__ $$aEnglish
000010125 520__ $$aIn this study a gravity model was used to investigate the impact of country specific MRLs that are more stringent than the MRLs set by CODEX on avocado exports by South Africa to the EU with specific reference to Prochloraz. The results revealed that the more stringent Prochloraz MRLs indeed have an impact on avocado exports to the EU. The simulation results show that the revenue foregone due to the more stringent Prochloraz MRLs is US$15.27 million. In relative terms this is significant, and should the Prochloraz MRLs be relaxed to the CODEX levels the contribution of the avocado industry to the gross domestic value of agricultural products would increase significantly. Furthermore, several studies have revealed the potentially negative impacts of abnormal levels of Prochloraz. The question arises why there are anomalies in the application of Prochloraz MRLs between countries and whether the CODEX MRL already account for these negative impacts. In depth analysis should be done with respect to the anomalies prevailing for Prochloraz MRLs to provide a proper scientific basis for applying them. Other recommendations are that much more attention should be given to the development of the national market for avocados and that other markets than the EU market should be explored for exports.
000010125 650__ $$aFood Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety
000010125 650__ $$aInternational Relations/Trade
000010125 6531_ $$aImpact of Phytosanitary Standards
000010125 6531_ $$aMaximum Residue Levels (MRLs)
000010125 6531_ $$aCodex Standards
000010125 6531_ $$aTrade Flows
000010125 700__ $$aScheepers, S.
000010125 700__ $$aJooste, Andre
000010125 700__ $$aAlemu, Zerihun Gudeta
000010125 773__ $$dJune 2007$$jVolume 46$$kIssue 2$$o273$$q260$$tAgrekon
000010125 8564_ $$s182408$$uhttps://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/10125/files/46020260.pdf
000010125 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/10125
000010125 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:10125$$pGLOBAL_SET
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46020260.pdf: 182408 bytes, checksum: 0d687765579680a06935fa21dcac8128 (MD5)
  Previous issue date: 2007-06
000010125 982__ $$gAgrekon>Volume 46, Issue 2, June 2007
000010125 980__ $$a346