This article presents results of a survey applied to Brazilian exporting firms to obtain primary data, which are subject to a statistical analysis about the relative importance attributed to technical barriers to trade. The methodological procedure used consisted in Rio Branco – Acre, 20 a 23 de julho de 2008 Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administração e Sociologia Rural factor analysis. This allowed the construction of three indexes: Traditional determinants Index - ICOND, Trade Impediments Index - IIMP and Technical requirements Index - IEXIG. The results indicated that technical requirements effects are different than other variables that affect exports. Additionally, the firms surveyed considered the IEXIG more restrictive than IIMP to their exports. This perception is different within the sectors evaluated.