Six representative interpretations about the core competence of the corporate proposed by the researchers both at home and abroad from different perspectives are introduced, which includes “Resource theory”, “Capacity theory”, “Integration theory of assets and mechanism”, “Theory of consumer surplus”, “Theory of institutions and systems” and “Theory of innovation”. It is pointed out that although these interpretations play an active role in enriching the theory of core competence, it still faces the problems to further deepen these interpretations: the first problem is how to give a precise definition; the second is about its extension; the third is on the logical and practical relationship between the production mechanism and its sustainable competitive advantages; the fourth is the problems in the production process and the corresponding management. Both the systematic essence and features of core competence are introduced: the first is the system self-organization process produced within the corporate; the second is the interaction between corporate system and environment; it needs a growing and evolution process. This paper briefly describes the essence of core competence of agricultural high-tech corporate, introduces its five features including systematicness, integration, non-imitation, ductility and non-equilibrium, and finally explains its component parts, mainly including corporate culture system, technological innovation system, human resource system, management capability system, corporate production and marketing system, financial capability system and adaptability system.


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