000007870 001__ 7870
000007870 005__ 20180122192959.0
000007870 037__ $$a690-2016-47349
000007870 041__ $$aen
000007870 245__ $$aWhat Impact Are EU Supermarket Standards Having on Developing Countries Export  of High-Value Horticultural Products? Evidence from Kenya
000007870 260__ $$c2007
000007870 269__ $$a2007
000007870 300__ $$a26
000007870 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000007870 446__ $$aEnglish
000007870 490__ $$aContributed paper 06
000007870 520__ $$aEuropean Union (EU) retailers are setting global benchmarks for the production of fresh food, and are asking their suppliers for produce to be certified according to food safety and quality standards. Compliance to these standards for developing countries small-scale producers entail costly investment in variable inputs and long term structures. Limited empirical evidence exists either to refute or confirm the concern that the proliferation and enhanced stringency of these standards marginalize smallholders from global market. This article therefore explores the costs of compliance, factors explaining the smallholder decision to adopt EU private quality standard and the impacts of the standard on farm financial performance. We develop a two-stage standard treatment effect model to account for self-selection as a source of endogeneity. Analysis is based on a random cross section sample of 439 small-scale export vegetable producers in Kenya whose production was monitored in 2005/2006. We demonstrate that adopters and non-adopters are distinguishable by their asset holding and household wealth, access to services, labor endowment and level of education. Once we control for endogeneity problem, we found that small-scale producers can benefit substantially from adopting the standard at the farm level.
000007870 650__ $$aInternational Relations/Trade
000007870 6531_ $$aKenya
000007870 6531_ $$aexport vegetables
000007870 6531_ $$aadoption
000007870 6531_ $$aEurepGAP standard
000007870 6531_ $$aimpact assessment
000007870 700__ $$aAsfaw, Solomon
000007870 700__ $$aMithofer, Dagmar
000007870 700__ $$aWaibel, Hermann
000007870 773__ $$o110$$q85
000007870 8564_ $$s168526$$uhttps://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/7870/files/cp070006.pdf
000007870 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/7870
000007870 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:7870$$pGLOBAL_SET
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  Previous issue date: 2007
000007870 982__ $$gEuropean Association of Agricultural Economists>105th Seminar, March 8-10, 2007, Bologna, Italy
000007870 980__ $$a690