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Recent generations of farmers have experienced considerable difficulties earning a consistent living wage to support the needs of themselves and their families. To meet these needs, many farmers and their spouses have increasingly left the agricultural industry to seek employment. Previous studies have found government policies intended to slow the migration of labor from agriculture have little influence. Using an autoregressive distributed lag model and adjusting for non-stationary variables in the labor migration equation, direct government payments were found to have a negative and significant effect on labor migration from agriculture.


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