Rwanda is currently in transition from a period of emergency to one of development following the 1994 war and genocide. Before the tragic events of 1994, the Agricultural Statistics Division (DSA) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Resources and Forestry (MINAGRI) maintained a comprehensive database of agricultural statistics. The DSA was responsible for providing information on agricultural policy based on annual surveys of rural households. These surveys, which were interrupted in 1994 were resumed in 1999 by the Food Security Research Project (FSRP) and the DSA of MINAGRI. The resumption of these activities were aimed at updating the agricultural statistics database and improving the internal capacity of MINAGRI to collect, process, and analyse data on key food security issues and to better inform the policy-making process in ways that will contribute to the promotion of food security in Rwanda.