Technical innovation and farm productivity growth in dryland Africa: The effects of structural adjustment on smallholders in Kenya

This paper uses non-parametric approach to measure technical innovation and productivity growth at the smallholder farm-level in dry-land sub-Saharan Africa during the initial years of the structural adjustment programmes for agriculture. Data from Kenya for two production years, 1991/2 and 1995/6 are used to construct a Malmquist productivity index. The results show that the rise in input prices led to reduced use of modern inputs, so that efficiency increased at 12% per year. However, lower use of modern varieties and less fertiliser also gave technological regression at 2.5% per annum, so that the overall outcome was productivity growth of 3% per annum. However, productivity improvement cannot be sustainable without technological progress.


Issue Date:
2000-12
Publication Type:
Journal Article
DOI and Other Identifiers:
Record Identifier:
https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/54220
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/54220
Published in:
Agrekon, 39, 4
Page range:
597-606
Total Pages:
10




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2020-10-28

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