This article uses the indicator of revealed comparative advantage, the covering tax and the acting indicator to analyze the competitiveness of the Brazilian exports of fruits in the international market in the period between 1990 and 2003. The obtained results show that to chestnut-of-cashew, the mango and the melon represent the “strong points” of that section. However, among these, just the mango and the melon are in great situation of competitiveness. Other products of great importance, as the orange and the banana, are in “retreat situation”, with comparative disadvantage and participation loss in the main markets of destinies. In relation to the acting, the Brazilian horticulture has been enlarging his/her space in the international market, especially in Netherlands and United Kingdom.