000047907 001__ 47907
000047907 005__ 20180122210628.0
000047907 037__ $$a577-2016-39207
000047907 041__ $$aen
000047907 245__ $$aFarmer Organization, Collective Action and Market Access in Meso-America
000047907 260__ $$c2007-10
000047907 269__ $$a2007-10
000047907 300__ $$a37
000047907 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000047907 490__ $$aCAPRi Working Papers
000047907 490__ $$a67
000047907 520__ $$aThe global agricultural economy is changing. Commodity prices are declining, and
producers increasingly supply complex value chains. There is growing interest in how farmers
can benefit from emerging market opportunities. Farmers are encouraged to produce high value
crops and engage in value-adding activities such as agro-processing. Farmer organization and
collective action are often seen as key factors in enhancing farmers’ access to markets. Often too
little attention is directed at a) the most appropriate types of organization, b) whether the public
and/or private sector is best placed to support their formation, and c) the conditions necessary for
ensuring their economic viability. This paper reports on research in Mexico and Central America
that explored these issues for commodity maize and high value vegetables respectively. The
benefits of farmer organization are more evident in the vegetable sector characterized by high
transaction costs associated with market access. The research suggests that farmer organizations
established by and directly linked to supermarkets may be more economically sustainable as
opposed to organizations supported by non-governmental organizations. However, the most
representative vegetable producer organizations in both Honduras and El Salvador include fewer
than 5 percent of total horticultural producers. This is due to producer organizations’ limited
business skills and non-replicable organizational models for linking producers to markets. There
is less incentive for maize farmers to organize themselves to access output markets as the
transaction costs associated with market access are relatively low: there are so many buyers and
sellers that farmer organizations would have little impact on, for example, prices. The benefits of
farmer organization are clearer when it comes to accessing credit, seed, and fertilizer. Farmer
organization is a critical factor in making markets work for the poor particularly in high value
products, but the role and timing of the substantial public and private investment needed to
establish and maintain these organizations is poorly understood.
000047907 542__ $$fLicense granted by Staci Sexton (sexto048@umn.edu) on 2009-03-03T19:16:36Z (GMT):

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000047907 650__ $$aAgribusiness
000047907 6531_ $$asmallholder farmers
000047907 6531_ $$amaize
000047907 6531_ $$ahigh value agricultural products
000047907 6531_ $$aMexico
000047907 6531_ $$aCentral America
000047907 6531_ $$abusiness development services
000047907 6531_ $$avalue chains
000047907 6531_ $$apro-poor growth
000047907 700__ $$aHellin, Jonathan
000047907 700__ $$aLundy, Mark
000047907 700__ $$aMeijer, Madelon
000047907 8564_ $$s315756$$uhttps://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/47907/files/capriwp67.pdf
000047907 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/47907
000047907 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:47907$$pGLOBAL_SET
000047907 912__ $$nSubmitted by Staci Sexton (sexto048@umn.edu) on 2009-03-03T19:21:31Z
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  Previous issue date: 2007-10
000047907 982__ $$gInternational Food Policy Research Institute>CAPRi Working Papers
000047907 980__ $$a577