000044191 001__ 44191
000044191 005__ 20180122210046.0
000044191 037__ $$a725-2016-49679
000044191 041__ $$aen
000044191 245__ $$aAre EU spatial ex ante coexistence regulations proportional?
000044191 260__ $$c2008
000044191 269__ $$a2008
000044191 300__ $$a15
000044191 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000044191 520__ $$aThe EU is currently struggling to implement coherent coexistence regulations on genetically modified (GM) and non-GM crops in all member states. While it stresses that any approach needs to be “proportionate to the aim of achieving coexistence”, very few studies have actually attempted to assess whether the proposed spatial ex ante coexistence regulations (SEACERs) satisfy this proportionality condition. In this article, we define proportionality as a functional relationship which is weakly increasing in the incentives for coexistence. We propose a spatial framework based on an existing landscape and introduce the new concept of shadow factor as a measure for the opportunity costs induced by SEACERs. This enables comparing the proportionality of (i) rigid SEACERs which are based on large isolation distances imposed on GM farmers versus (ii) flexible SEACERs based on pollen barrier agreements between neighboring farmers. Our theoretical and empirical findings argue for flexibility as rigid SEACERs violate the proportionality condition and, hence, are not consistent with the objectives of the EU.
000044191 542__ $$fLicense granted by Kayla Pearson (pears469@umn.edu) on 2008-10-14T18:42:43Z (GMT):

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000044191 650__ $$aAgricultural and Food Policy
000044191 650__ $$aCrop Production/Industries
000044191 6531_ $$apolicy analysis
000044191 6531_ $$aGIS
000044191 6531_ $$ashadow factor
000044191 700__ $$aDemont, Matty
000044191 700__ $$aDaems, W.
000044191 700__ $$aDillen, Koen
000044191 700__ $$aMathijs, Erik
000044191 700__ $$aSausse, C.
000044191 700__ $$aTollens, Eric
000044191 8564_ $$s305124$$uhttps://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/44191/files/557.pdf
000044191 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/44191
000044191 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:44191$$pGLOBAL_SET
000044191 912__ $$nSubmitted by Kayla Pearson (pears469@umn.edu) on 2008-10-14T18:45:54Z
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  Previous issue date: 2008
000044191 982__ $$gEuropean Association of Agricultural Economists>2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium
000044191 980__ $$a725