This work aims to revise and discuss organizational, social, economical, technical and environmental factors involved in the artisan fishing activity which influence the formation and the development of the cooperatives of artisan fishermen; these ones, still form a class of workers excluded of the current capitalist economical system and they have in the cooperativism an important tool for your social inclusion, it warrants them the income for maintenance of families. Therefore, a bibliographic revision was carried out on the theme, as well as on the themes related to the cooperativism and to the fishing activity itself through a research on the bibliographical collections of the main entities, organs and services that deal with the matter, besides the rising of data through consultations and informal routine interviews, made during technical visits to the some communities. The analysis of the information sought allowed concluding that the artisan fishermen need solutions for technical and commercial problems that keep them in serious situation of economical dependence, which tend to disappear through the formation of cooperatives. However, it is highly necessary authorities’ perception for understanding that cooperative efficiency is related not only to objectives of economical nature, when considered the marginal situation of the fisherman, in several areas, related to the market where they act. According to the proportion of good results they get, the cooperatives process social changes which transcend their your own associative body reaching a whole community, in the search of the social correction through economical factors, set up from values such as the fair distribution of income which deserves the adoption of urgent pro-active posture and actions.