Slovak Republic was among ten new members joining European Union in May 2004. Since then the EU accession has influenced the social and economic aspects of life in the country and still continues to do so. The main purpose of this article is to present several problem areas of socio-economic development of Slovak agriculture. In details, we will focus to the position of agriculture in the National economy, development trends of Slovak Agriculture and transformation process, entrepreneurial structure and use of land, economic situation in Agriculture and the development of selected socio-economic indicators in agriculture. Finally, we will mention about the present situation and priorities of the Slovak Agricultural Policy.