The Agricultural and Food Policy Center (AFPC) at Texas A&M University develops and maintains data to simulate eleven representative cotton operations in major production areas across Texas. The chief purpose of this analysis is to project those farms’ economic viability for 2005 through 2009. The data necessary to simulate the economic activity of these operations is developed through ongoing cooperation with panels of agricultural producers throughout the state. The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) provided projected prices, policy variables, and input inflation rates in their August 2005 Baseline. Under the August 2005 Baseline, none of the Texas representative cotton farms are classified in good liquidity condition (less than a 25 percent chance of negative ending cash during 2005-2009). Four of the cotton farms (TXSP3745, TXRP2500, TXMC3500, and TXCB1850) have between a 25 percent and a 50 percent likelihood of negative ending cash. The remaining seven farms have greater than a 50 percent chance of negative ending cash. Similarly, no Texas cotton farms are considered in good equity position (less than a 25 percent chance of decreasing real net worth during 2005-2009). Three farms (TXRP2500, TXMC3500, and TXCB1850) have between a 25 percent and 50 percent likelihood of losing real net worth, and the remaining eight cotton farms have greater than a 50 percent probability of decreasing real net worth.