Excerpt from the report Preface: A soil survey of a country is a scientific inventory of its soil resources. It includes classification, mapping, and a study of factors that determine the uses for which soils are best suited. It supplies information that is especially useful for research programs on crops, soils, fertilizers, and land use planning. The use of such a survey may prevent many mistakes and much waste of soil resources. This report presents the results of just such an inventory of the soils of Liberia, one of the several fact-finding surveys carried out by the United States Economic Mission to Liberia in 1944-48. It was the first work of its kind in that area. As the title suggests, it was not a detailed survey; however it yielded much information that will be useful in developing the general agriculture of the country.