Despite the overall slower employment growth from 1960 to 1970 in four Ozarks States, compared to the national average, employment in 84 counties grew faster than the national rate. Much of the growth was based on interregional shifts in various manufacturing categories. Many rural counties experienced this growth, and metropolitan stature was neither necessary nor sufficient for growth to occur. Stage of industrial development was not predictive of future growth. Many counties experienced changes in employment structure from agriculture to manufacturing, trades, and services.