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This paper analyses the Rural Development Index (IDR) of sugarcane producing districts in the Mideast Region and compares them with areas showing increase of this culture. As a methodological procedure, a set of 15 secondary variables from 308 districts was used to determine the IDR. From these variables, Factorial Analysis was applied for further calculation of the crude index that served as the basis for IDR identification. In order to broaden the discussion, the Degree of Rural Development was defined and the comparison with the intensity of growth of the cultivated area of sugarcane was promoted. Results showed that among the 308 districts analyzed, Rio Brilhante has the highest IDR, followed by Nova Alvorada do Sul, both from Mato Grosso do Sul State. Among the top ten districts with the best IDR, there are four from Mato Grosso do Sul, four from Mato Grosso and only two from Goiás. It was identified that Goiás presents the worst results among the three states, because of the ten last districts with the lowest IDR, eight are from that state. In relation to the results observed from the comparison between the growth intensity of the sugarcane crop and the Degree of Rural Development, it was observed that there is a significant relationship between growth in the area planted with the best Rural Development Index


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