The kibbutz crisis is seen against the background of the confrontation of a solidary and cooperative system and a laissez faire environment. The alleged freedom enjoyed by people in a free market society is questioned. The current contest imposes a race where only the strongest and fittest can survive. True individualism asks for equality of chances. Toward the next millennium new forms of communality are needed to counteract the threat of fundamentalism. Despite the present crisis, the kibbutz may serve as a practical answer and provide the archetype of a small autonomous community in a capitalistic environment.