The article focuses on energy carriers previously performing a marginal role in the structure of obtaining energy from renewable sources, i.e. heat pumps. These energy carriers may, in the future, play an important role, because their importance in national states of affairs is increasing. The aim of the article is to assess the amount of energy obtained and consumed by heat pumps in 2010-2017, in Poland. The literature study method was used to implement the above-mentioned objective. The article uses secondary data from the Central Statistical Office. In the analyzed period, there was a systematic increase in the acquisition and consumption of energy obtained by heat pumps in Poland. The heat obtained using heat pumps in 2017 amounted to 2,688 TJ and was more than twice as high as in 2010. Heat pumps are a widely available technology and their use by households in Poland influences the implementation of energy policies of the country and the European Union, aimed at increasing the use of renewable energy sources. The case study method was used, where the heating costs of a single-family house, depending on the fuel used, were compared with constant assumptions.