The purpose of this paper is to present the main results of the study aimed to highlights and assess the level of food security of Ukraine and the factors that shape it. Based on this to identify key steps to create conditions for increasing this level. Evaluation of food security indicators was carried out using internationally recognized Global Food Security Index. Identified trends in total income and food price dynamics are negative, since even with increasing incomes purchasing power of the Ukrainian population remains the lowest in Europe, while the share of expenditure on food in the general expenses – the highest. Structure of nutrition in Ukraine is unbalanced, and its level – insufficient. Revealed deterioration of food security in almost all fundamental indicators. It makes sense to consider the two main directions to achieve the necessary level of food security: ensuring food supply in the required quantities; achievement of selfsupplying by agricultural products.