Competitiveness has become a key issue on international markets since it can be considered as the major source of export development. A country that utilizes the best its resources within its agricultural sector may benefit from comparative advantage on international agricultural markets. Due to the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement signed recently between Moldova and European Union, it is of vital importance for local agri-food products to be competitive on the EU market and to assess the potential gains of the increased demand. Moldova’s share on agri-food exports is still large, but various changes occurred in the total value and the geographical structure of trade flows during the analyzed period. The aim of this research is to analyze the changes that happened in the pattern trade flows and to evaluate the consequences and potential benefits of DCFTA on agri-food exports of Moldova. In the given research data from the National Bureau of Statistics for the period 2001-2012 will be used. The analysis of competitiveness will be carried out by assessing trade indices of intra and inter industrial trade (RTA, GL).