The poultry industry, one of the most important agribusiness industries in the United States, is facing multiple water-usage problems. These problems stem from rising water and sewer charges and an increase in pollution regulations. One way to reduce water usage and volume of wastewater is through internal recycling. Food scientists and applied economists at the University of Georgia are collaborating to evaluate the operational and economic effectiveness of polymeric ultrafiltration membrane technology at poultry processing plants. On-site tests of membrane system are underway, and preliminary economic analysis indicates highly positive prospects for this technology.