000265337 001__ 265337
000265337 005__ 20181128220730.0
000265337 022__ $$a1496-5208
000265337 037__ $$a1753-2017-2801
000265337 041__ $$aeng
000265337 245__ $$aDefining the Contours of the Public Morals Exception under Article XX of the GATT 1994
000265337 260__ $$c2017-07
000265337 269__ $$a2017-07
000265337 336__ $$aJournal Article
000265337 520__ $$aThough the liberalisation of trade in goods is the central objective of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT 1994), Article XX makes provisions on general exceptions to the legally binding trade liberalisation obligations. Of the ten paragraphs contained under Article XX that provide for various exceptions, the first paragraph – Article XX(a) – allows for derogation from the obligations under the GATT 1994 if the justification for this is based on a necessary protection of public morals. There are very few cases on the public morals exception. The U.S. – Gambling case was the first decided case where the public morals exception was the subject matter. However, this case was decided under the services regime in WTO law – i.e., the General Agreement on Trade in Services. The China – Publications and Audiovisual Products case offered the opportunity for a WTO dispute settlement panel and the Appellate Body to provide clarity on the public morals exception as it relates to trade in goods. This article explores the contours of the public morals exception under Article XX(a) of the GATT 1994 by engaging in analyses of the two decided cases where the issue of public morals was a key subject matter in the dispute. It also borrows from the jurisprudence on other exceptions under Article XX in a bid to map out the contours of the public morals exception.
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000265337 546__ $$aEnglish
000265337 650__ $$aInternational Relations/Trade
000265337 650__ $$aPublic Economics
000265337 6531_ $$aextra-territorial jurisdiction
000265337 6531_ $$apublic morals
000265337 6531_ $$atrade liberalisation
000265337 700__ $$aAlModarra, Bader Bakhit M.
000265337 773__ $$j 18$$k 2$$o157$$q142$$tEstey Journal of International Law and Trade Policy
000265337 8560_ $$fweidm015@umn.edu
000265337 8564_ $$s190675$$uhttps://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/265337/files/AlModarra18-2lay.pdf
000265337 8564_ $$s1591206$$uhttps://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/265337/files/AlModarra18-2lay.pdf?subformat=pdfa$$xpdfa
000265337 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:265337$$pGLOBAL_SET
000265337 980__ $$a1753