000259417 001__ 259417
000259417 005__ 20180123010854.0
000259417 037__ $$a938-2017-1828
000259417 041__ $$aeng
000259417 084__ $$aF13
000259417 084__ $$aQ17
000259417 084__ $$aQ18
000259417 245__ $$aSanitary and Phyto-Sanitary Measures: Assessment, Measurement, and Impact
000259417 260__ $$c2017
000259417 269__ $$a2017-05-01
000259417 300__ $$a56
000259417 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000259417 490__ $$aIATRC Commissioned Paper CP21
000259417 520__ $$aAlthough recent data collection have revealed a large and diverse universe of non-tariff measures (NTMs), identification and quantification of these measures remain elusive.  While much has been written on the subject, the extant literature has been unable to effectively diagnose the most critical areas of NTM concern, sorting out how and to what extent the trade effects vary across different types of measures, and the development of a suitable framework to address these policies in multilateral and regional trade arenas. The purpose of this paper is to shed new light on the landscape of sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures affecting agri-food trade by exploiting detailed information from the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) SPS committee meeting minutes on specific trade concerns (STCs) as a way to ‘reveal’ major cross-cutting NTM concerns faced by exporters. We catalogue the nature and duration of these measures across countries, products and specific classes of NTMs for the period 1995-2014. Our analysis indicates that developed countries play a significant role notifying specific concerns, although developing country notifications are on the rise. The results suggest that the WTO’s SPS trade concern discussion mechanism may facilitate the resolution of SPS concerns, with success often depending on the type of concern and the participation of Members as raising the issue or maintaining the measure. While most SPS concerns are resolved, the distribution of concerns exhibits sharp peaks and heavy right tails with some concerns lasting more than a decade. Animal diseases and tolerances are identified as recurring concerns in meat and fruit and vegetable trade, respectively, with concerns related to testing and quarantine, customs and administration procedures, certification and import permits also on the rise. A first-pass empirical assessment indicates that SPS concerns impart significant reductions to Members’ agricultural exports. While the SPS trade effects are heterogeneous across types of measures, countries maintaining or raising the measure, and the product sectors considered, they are consistently negative and strikingly large in magnitude, even for some of the largest countries in global agri-food trade. Thus, the analysis and results have important policy implications in terms of targeting SPS areas for discussion.
000259417 542__ $$fBy depositing this Content ('Content') in AgEcon Search, I agree that  I am solely responsible for any consequences of uploading this Content to AgEcon Search and making it publicly available, and I represent and warrant that: I am either the sole creator and the owner of the copyrights and all other rights in the Content; or, without obtaining another’s permission, I have the right to deposit the Content in an archive such as AgEcon Search. To the extent that any portions of the Content are not my own creation, they are used with the copyright holder’s express permission or as permitted by law. Additionally, the Content does not infringe the copyrights or other intellectual property rights of another, nor does the Content violate any laws or another’s rights of privacy or publicity. The Content contains no restricted, private, confidential, or otherwise protected data or information that should not be publicly shared. I understand that AgEcon Search will do its best to provide perpetual access to my Content. In order to support these efforts, I grant the Regents of the University of Minnesota ('University'), through AgEcon Search, the following non-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty-free, world-wide rights and licenses: to access, reproduce, distribute and publicly display the Content, in whole or in part, in order to secure, preserve and make it publicly available, and to make derivative works based upon the Content in order to migrate the Content to other media or formats, or to preserve its public access. These terms do not transfer ownership of the copyright(s) in the Content. These terms only grant to the University the limited license outlined above.
000259417 546__ $$aEnglish
000259417 650__ $$aAgricultural and Food Policy
000259417 650__ $$aInternational Relations/Trade
000259417 6531_ $$aNon-tariff measures (NTMs)
000259417 6531_ $$asanitary and phyto-sanitary (SPS) measures
000259417 6531_ $$aSPS Agreement
000259417 6531_ $$atechnical barriers to trade (TBT)
000259417 6531_ $$aspecific trade concerns
000259417 6531_ $$aWTO
000259417 700__ $$aGrant, Jason
000259417 700__ $$aArita, Shawn
000259417 8560_ $$flle@umn.edu
000259417 8564_ $$s1365470$$uhttps://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/259417/files/IATRC%20CP21%20-%20Grant%20Arita.pdf
000259417 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:259417$$pGLOBAL_SET
000259417 980__ $$a938