The paper aimed to present the energy growings as a source of raw material for the production of renewable energy in Poland. The data used come from secondary sources and covered the period 2011-2014. The were used quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis. It was found that the share of land used in Poland for energy purposes in 2012-2014 was about 4% of UAA. Their greatest area was occupied with plants, including rape, used in the production of bio-components which then are used in the production of transportation fuels. Components which are result of fuel production from grains are used in the production of animal feed. This area was therefore partly used for this reason. In 2011-2014, the production of esters and biogas steadily increased, whereas in 2014 the production of bioethanol was reduced. For the production of biogas, mainly agricultural byproducts and residues from agro-food industry are used, and so they do not compete for land with food products.