The aim of the paper is to investigate the scale of changes in the labour market in Poland, assuming that the number of persons employed in agriculture would amount to 5% of the total number of people employed in the national economy, i.e. when we eliminate the potential surplus of employment in individual farms. The study was conducted on the basis of the BAEL data from the years 1995–2015. It was shown that there was a steady improvement in the labour market and a reduction of the level of potential hidden unemployment in agriculture, mainly due to economic growth and the absorption of labour force by the non-agricultural sectors. Research results let us assume that achieving the level of employment in the agriculture similar to that specifi ed in the study is possible within a period of several years.