The paper presents the situation of farms located in areas exposed to droughts, emphasising the situation of those having poor quality soils. The research covered 296 farms keeping uninterrupted accounts under the Polish FADN over the period of 2006-2013, in the area of 96 gminas especially affected by droughts, which are situated in the following voivodeships: Wielkopolskie, Lubuskie, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Łódzkie and Dolnośląskie. As a point of reference the research used 4,294 farms located in the area of other gminas countrywide. The analysis demonstrated that farms situated in the region frequently affected by droughts had worse production and economic results and a factor intensifying the effects of droughts was poor soil quality. Other factors determining the case were only preliminarily indicated, given small number of the analysed sample.