This paper describes and analyzes the changes in agriculture and food Slovenian industry in the period 1992-2006. with special emphasis on the after 2000 in the light of accession to the European Union (EU). The inclusion is not caused major difficulties in agriculture as a whole. This outcome can be attributed to the fact that the pipes and mechanisms of agricultural policy in Slovenia synchronized with the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) already in the pre-accession period. This is why the CAP after switching to download meant primarily a continuation of the measures already implemented in the framework of national agricultural policy or with the larger funds to support Agriculture. Agriculture Income remained at a relatively high level compared to the previous year, and the analysis of the main factors that determine Income showed that mainly continued the trends typical for the period after 1999 - a slight trend of increasing agricultural production, downward trend in the prices of agricultural products by the manufacturer and intense increasing trend of budgetary support to agriculture. Slovenia has traditionally net importer of food but due to the elimination of tariff protection on imports from the EU and less favorable conditions for exports to third countries increased the deficit so far the highest level. Opening the market after its accession to the increased competitive pressure on the food industry and the economic performance of the sector are significantly deteriorated. Agri-food chain faces important challenges. Problem relatively low competitiveness of the sector More Not resolved and requires significant structural changes and adjustments.