Policymaking Process of Dispatching Supplementary Agricultural Workers (SAW) to the United States

The purpose of this article is to examine policymaking process of SAW, with a focus on the dispute between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF). The findings of the study are as follows: 1) From the perspective of agricultural policy, SAW was intended as a measure for dealing with domestic agricultural problems, such as job scarcity among younger sons and lack of successors of farmers. SAW, in addition, was planned as single emigration policy for rural youths. 2) There was a fundamental difference of the status of SAW between two ministries. MOFA had consistently treated SAW as a part of diplomatic policy. MAF, on the other hand, regarded this project as domestic agricultural policy. Due to a lack of coordination, it required two years to make a cabinet agreement. 3) Based on these findings, the author proposes that it is necessary to take agricultural emigration into account in Japan's agricultural policy studies, and that what is needed in Japan's postwar emigration policy studies is to explore the dynamics among the interested organizations.

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Journal of Rural Economics, 83, 4
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 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2020-10-28

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