This study deals with the economic factors contributing to the promotion of Syria’s tomato exports. These factors actually increase its competitiveness in international markets, particularly Iraqi and Russian. The research was conducted given the significant importance of tomato, compared to other agricultural exports, where tomato ranked first among Syrian agricultural exports in 2011 and 2012. In addition, the study focuses on the indicators of the international demand of Syrian tomato, as well as the main difficulties and challenges that face tomato exportation. The study of Composite Competitiveness Indicator (CCI), enabled us to draw several important results, which have multiple policy implications.