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Abstract

Organic farming in Poland covers farms using only organic farming methods and farms where organic and conventional systems coexist. Statistics capture them jointly as organic farms. This distorts the real picture of the Polish organic farming, especially the average area of farms, and production and economic situation, which is evidenced by data from organic farms keeping accounting under the Polish FADN. There were considerable differences between the analysed organic and “mixed” farms as regards the cropping structure and livestock population, level of incurred costs and production efficiency, thereby their profitability. Results of the analyses proved that mixed farms were fairly competitive in economic terms against farms using strictly organic production methods, and their income was far less dependent on external support, although the level of subsidies to operating activities per 1 ha of utilised agricultural area was close to the level noted for organic farms.

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