Factors shaping competitiveness of agriculture. Impact of situation on external markets on the Polish agri-food sector. Analysis of the effects of selected instruments of public policy on the structural changes in agriculture and rural areas. Competitiveness of sustainable agriculture. Budget grounds for improvement of the competitiveness of the Polish agriculture. Changes in the socio-economic structure of the rural areas as a factor of competitiveness of rural areas. Competitive agricultural holdings in Poland: in the present and in the future. Development of exporting clusters in the context of international competitiveness of the Polish agri-food sector.