The aim of the paper was to determine the potential production of wheat market for bioethanol production in Poland after the year 2004. This potential is understood in two ways – as a potential taking into account the current international trade and potential without the participation in international trade (national balance) which can be seen as a potential with limited export and import volumes. The paper has also reviewed the wheat market and the current state of the bioethanol sector in Poland after the year 2004. On the basis of the calculated surplus in wheat market in Poland in the seasons 2004/2005-2014/2015 there is calculation of additional potential production of bioethanol. Poland has considerable production potential in bioethanol sector and it could reduce its import.