Bangladesh has been continuing as a major recipient of food aid since her independence. This article reviews and analyses the implications of large food aid imports on Bangladesh economy. Available evi dente justifies that food aid has had some adverse effects by keeping the country dependent on food imports and probably by reducing pressure on government to accord high priority for agricultural research and development. The serious adverse effect of food aid came as a pressure from the donors for policy changes and also as political lever. However, there were certain beneficial effects of food aid on balance of payments, government revenues and wheat output growth through developing its taste among the consumers.