Africa is the origin center of many crops. It is rich in original ecological resources, especially special resources which are excellent materials for breeding research. With acceleration of commercial seeds in agriculture of African countries, some original ecological resources are disappearing. Through experience of introduction of African varieties in recent years, it analyzed current situation of introduction and use of African crop germplasm resources. Finally, it came up with recommendations for rescuing and taking full advantage of excellent African resources, solving difficult problem restricting crop breeding, enriching China’s crop germplasm bank, and improving China’s and African crop breeding level and innovation ability.