This study is based on a sample of 242 cotton growers located in eight upazilas of four old districts. Cotton was found more profitable that, its competing crops except tobacco. Tobacco is not liked by many farmers because it is associated with more problems. Despite sincere effort of the cotton development board, the target of production and acreage were not achieved because of lower price of cotton, paucity of fund, technical know how and irrigation facility. Production target can be achieved by ensuring reasonable price to cotton growers.