The aim of the paper was the diagnosis of the condition and diversity of the demographic situation in rural areas of the western borderland. Proceedings conducted research which measured the demographic situation and made a typology of rural areas. The assumed goal was realised with the application of synthetic measure and the spatial autocorrelation (Global Moran’s I).The spatial scope of the research comprises rural areas of the western borderland, i.e. West Pomeranian, Lubuskie and Lower Silesia provinces. The time range will encompass the years 2011-2012. The obtained results have shown the presence of significant differences in the level of the demographic situation in rural areas.