The aim of the study was to measure the total productivity of agriculture in Poland after accession to the European Union. In the study Hicks-Moorsteen productivity indexes were used. It has been shown that the productivity of agriculture in Poland has been growing. In the studied period were distinguished two periods of growth of productivity (up to 2006 and after 2008) and one downward in 2006-2008, which was associated with economic downturn in agriculture. The study has shown differences in productivity between regions and provinces.