The main objectives of the study are to estimate the farm specific economic efficiency of wheat production and to identify and measure the impacts of different factors associated with economic efficiency of wheat farmers. The study employed farm level cross sectional data from three major wheat growing areas of Bangladesh. Economic efficiency of wheat farmers was found to vary across locations and among farm categories. Cost of seed and urea, land rent and date of sowing were found to contribute significantly in the economic efficiency of wheat farmers. The average economic efficiency of wheat production in Bangladesh is 76 percent. This indicates a good potential for increasing wheat output by 24 percent with the existing technology and levels of inputs while considering amount and cost of inputs. Education and training of the farmers were found to have significant effect on yield and economic efficiency of wheat production.