The land consolidation projects in Anhui Province have brought huge economic and social benefits and made active contribution to increasing integrated grain productivity, stabilizing farmland area, increasing farmers’ income, accelerating new socialist countryside construction, and promoting integrated urban and rural development. With more than ten years of exploration and attempt, land consolidation, reclamation and development of Anhui Province has established relatively complete policy, technical and business type regulations. However, there are still some weak links and problems, leading to slow project progress, and quality up to standard, fund management not standardized, and the masses not satisfactory for few projects. It summarized experience and achievements of rural land consolidation in Anhui Province and elaborated major existing problems in management of project implementation. Finally, it came up with pertinent recommendations for project implementation in rural land consolidation.