The aim of this paper is to analyze changes in selected economic aspects related to innovation activities of dairy cooperatives in Poland and the relationship between the incurred expenditure on this activity and the number of deployed process and product innovation. It stayed drafted based on primary available sources. As a research tool used descriptive analysis. In the studies involved 32 dairy cooperatives, time interval covered the years 2004-2012. Dairy cooperatives largely are introducing imitative innovations. In the analysed period a downward trend of the amount of the expenditure on the innovative activity.