Farmers in traditional China have formed the cultural psychology of being reluctant to move from native land and hate to change during the long-term closed production and life. This has exerted negative effect on the values cultivation of farmers today, who possess weak democratic consciousness, low legal spirit and cultural quality as well as strong antagonistic psychology. Measures should be carried out to cultivate their modern values. Firstly, construction of villagers’ self-governance system should be stressed. Secondly, political socialization should be perfected to improve farmers’ political culture. Furthermore, channels of political participation should be widened in order to gradually promote the ordered political participation of farmers.