Studying petty loan forestry property mortgage mode has significant practical meaning in fund-raising and income-increasing in the forest-agriculture industry, restructuring and expanding the industry as well as setting up scientific industrial public policies. On the basis of literature analysis and field research data, this paper will classify and analyze research papers studying in forestry, property mortgage, and therefore draws conclusions on relevant concepts of petty loan forestry property mortgage, economics and property rights theory as well. At present, the studies of petty loan forestry property mortgage are more practical that are lack of an overall theoretical framework. Considering China's real situation of petty loan forestry property mortgage mode, we have investigated some foreign cases in operating forestry property mortgage systemically and some challenges and difficulties confronted by stakeholders in real cases. Therefore, we put forward that in the current period the fund-raising in forestry industry should focus on establishing and improving an overall rural petty loan forestry property mortgage mode.