A national policy of the Republic of Serbia bases on a membership in the European Union (EU) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). In accordance with it, Serbia gives up a self-sufficiency strategy for any product, which implies market liberalization and free trade with other countries. Regarding that Serbia is aiming to become a member of the EU and the WTO, agriculture should prepare for competition on developed market, free from trade barriers. Current bilateral agreements in free trade with neighbouring countries, Serbia has replaced in 2006 with one within the CEFTA (Central European Free Trade Agreement) agreement, by which has entered the market of around 27 million inhabitants and has accepted a responsibility to realize it, aiming to promote trade in this region. The stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) provides, in quantity sense, a new level to preferential relations between Serbian agriculture exchange and the EU agriculture, while it provides an asymmetry in Serbia's favour, after which the European Union determines and continuous its duty free import of agro-food products from Serbia, and Serbia gradually decreases its customs duties and other taxes, during the fiveyear- lasting transitional period, for the most of these products.