Invasive alien species cause different types of costs and often need to be controlled. Given several available control measures, choosing the most profitable one is not straightforward, especially if one has no training in economic methodologies. This paper introduces a guidance to assist in economic evaluation of control measures. The first section sets out the basic information on the species, its impact, as well as on the methods available for its control. The second section deals with the actual assessment, first defining alternative scenarios, followed by a cost and benefit assessment, and a comparison of different scenarios.