In the past decade or so, China’s feedgrain demand and supply has drawn increased attention from both academia and government departments within and outside China. In this paper, we examine when and how China’s feedgrain demand and supply became a topical issue and why it is important. We will highlight, from earlier studies, key findings regarding how much feedgrains China will demand and whether China can supply the amount demanded. We will also elaborate on the reasons for the vast discrepancies in China’s feedgrain research findings and discuss the problems and difficulties encountered in studying China’s feedgrain issues. The paper concludes by pointing out the areas where further research efforts are needed.