Economies of Size in Public Schools: A Comparison of North Dakota and Indiana Data

Data from two states are used for an analysis of the extent to which savings can be achieved through school consolidation. The relationship between per pupil expenditures and enrollment is examined. It is shown that per pupil expenditures for instruction are linked to teachers salaries and pupil/teacher ratios via a simple mathematical relationship. Differences in per pupil expenditures for instruction among school districts for both North Dakota and Indiana are due primarily to variation in pupil/teacher ratios. Teachers’ salaries in both North Dakota and Indiana increase as enrollments increase. For expenditures other than instruction, very little evidence was found for potential savings due to increases in enrollment.

Issue Date:
Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
DOI and Other Identifiers:
Record Identifier:
PURL Identifier:
Total Pages:
JEL Codes:
I21; I22
Series Statement:
University of Kentucky Staff Papers

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2019-08-29

Download fulltext

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)