Agricultural producers across Kentucky are going to have to change farming practices to meet 21st Century needs. By 2025, Kentucky’s goal is to derive 12% of its motor fuels demand of 775 million gallons per year, from biofuels. One area targeted for expansion is the Appalachian region of Kentucky. Biomass has numerous potential uses in the bioenergy area such as the production of ethanol or burn for heat. The primary focus is assessing the potential producers understanding of biomass production, processing, and willingness to produce. To ascertain the willingness of Kentucky farmers to diversify their operation and include biomass feedstocks in their rotations a survey is used. This research is supported by the Center for Regional Engagement.