Population pressure in Indonesia, especially in the inner islands of Java and Madura, has compelled the government to seek other areas to expand agricultural lands as well as to resettle people from these inner islands to the less-populated outer islands, such as Borneo. The tidal swamplands in Borneo offered one alternative to meet land requirements for both purposes. However, due to the unique characteristics of tidal the swamplands, farming systems in this ecosystem should be carried out appropriately, especially by the new settlers who are not familiar with the environments. It is becoming increasingly important in such environments to achieve sustainable agriculture which in turn will lead to sustainable development.


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