000122994 001__ 122994
000122994 005__ 20180122221043.0
000122994 037__ $$a640-2016-42716
000122994 041__ $$aen_US
000122994 245__ $$aTHE ECONOMICS OF CONVERTING CONVENTIONALLY MANAGED EASTERN VINEYARDS TO ORGANIC MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
000122994 260__ $$c1995-08
000122994 269__ $$a1995-08
000122994 300__ $$a35
000122994 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000122994 490__ $$aResearch Bulletin
000122994 490__ $$a95-02
000122994 520__ $$aA five-year study was conducted to analyze the economic results of growing grapes using conventional management practices compared with organic management practices. Grape cultivars evaluated in the project were Concord, Elvira, and Seyval.
Growing costs were higher for each cultivar in each season, Le. for 15 comparisons for the organic system. Operations which were especially costly in the organic system were fertilization, tillage operations which replaced herbicides used in the conventional system, and hand hoeing which was occasionally necessary to supplement weed control in the organic system. The organic system, however, had a clear advantage in most seasons in the cost of spraying operations.
The results of this five-year study suggest that grapes can be successfully grown using organic management practices, although at a higher cost, than is necessary for conventional management systems. Growing costs were from 69 to 91 percent higher, depending upon variety. Yield per acre for the organic system compared to the conventional system over the five years was 22 percent lower for the Concord variety, five percent lower for the Elvira variety, and 35 percent lower for the Seyval Blanc variety. The incidence of higher costs and lower returns meant that returns to management (a measure of profitability) were significantly lower for the organic management practices for all three varieties. The most favorable economic results were obtained for the organic management practices employed with the Elvira vineyard, which showed a small profit for the average of the five seasons. A key to economic will be whether or not a price premium can be realized for organically grown grapes.
000122994 542__ $$fLicense granted by Natalie Walker (walke759@umn.edu) on 2012-04-25T20:32:01Z (GMT):

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000122994 650__ $$aCrop Production/Industries
000122994 700__ $$aWhite, Gerald B.
000122994 8564_ $$s1214230$$uhttps://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/122994/files/Cornell_Dyson_rb9502.pdf
000122994 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/122994
000122994 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:122994$$pGLOBAL_SET
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  Previous issue date: 1995-08
000122994 982__ $$gCornell University>Department of Applied Economics and Management>Research Bulletin
000122994 980__ $$a640